Our job as your licensed Home Inspector is to alert you, to the
extent possible, to unknown problems and potential environmental hazards in your current or potential house. The first step
is a non-invasive visual inspection of your property. While we may be able to alert you to possible problems, our basic home
inspections are no substitutes for specialized contaminant testing, which we also provide. EnviroSpect Northwest
is licensed and certified to perform Indoor Environmental assessments and testing.
Asbestos is a mineral fiber that can be positively identified only with a special type of microscope. There are several
types of asbestos fibers. In the past, asbestos was added to many products to strengthen them and provide fire resistance
and heat insulation. If disturbed, asbestos material may release asbestos fibers which can be inhaled into the lungs. Asbestos
material that crumbles easily if handled or which has been scraped, sawed, or sanded into a powder is more likely to create
a health hazard. Breathing high levels of asbestos fibers can lead to an increased risk of lung cancer, mesothelioma (cancer
of lining of chest and abdominal cavity), and asbestosis (lungs scarred with the tissue). Houses built between 1930 and 1950
may have asbestos insulation. Most of today’s products do not contain asbestos. If asbestos material is more than slightly
damaged or you plan changes that might disturb it, you require a professional for repair and removal. Before home remodeling,
find out if asbestos is present.
Excerpts from U.S. Environmental Protection Agency “Asbestos and Vermiculite”.
Lead is a highly toxic
metal used for many years in products in and around homes. Lead’s adverse health effects range from behavioral problems
and learning disabilities to seizures and death. Because their bodies are growing quickly, children age 6 and under are at
greatest risk. Primary sources of lead exposure for children are deteriorating lead-based paint, lead-contaminated dust, and
lead-contaminated residential soil. Lead might be present in any home built up until the 1940s. Rarely found in source water,
lead can enter tap water through corrosion of plumbing materials. Homes built before 1986 are more likely to have lead pipes,
joints, and solder. New homes are also at risk: even legally “lead-free” pipes can contain up to 8 percent lead
and leave significant amounts of lead in the water for the first several months after installation. Since the 1980s, EPA and
its federal partners have banned or limited lead used in consumer products, including residential paint. Federal regulations
limiting the amount of lead in paint sold for residential use started in 1978. If your property was built before 1978 or you
are considering remodeling, renovating, or repair, you may wish to think about lead inspection. Water quality can be compromised
by such other trace elements as iron, excess acidity, manganese, calcium, magnesium, mineral salts, hydrogen sulfide, selenium,
chromium, arsenic, mercury, and cadmium.
Excerpts from U.S. Department of Environmental Protection, “Lead
in Paint, Dust, and Soil”.
Mold (fungi) is present everywhere,
indoors and outdoors. There are more than 100,000 species of mold, at least 1,000 of which are common in America. Species
of Cladosporium, Penicillium, and Aspergillus are some of the most commonly found species. Mold most likely grows in bathrooms,
basements, and anywhere else where there is dampness or water. Many types of mold routinely encountered aren’t hazardous
to healthy individuals. Too much exposure to mold may cause a worsening of such conditions as asthma, hay fever, or other
allergies. Fevers and breathing problems in a vulnerable individual are possible but unusual. When moldy material becomes
damaged or disturbed, spores, which are reproductive bodies similar to seeds, can be released into the air. Exposure can occur
if people inhale the spores, directly handle moldy material, or accidentally ingest the spores. Since all molds need water
to grow, mold can grow almost anywhere where there is high humidity, dampness, or water damage. Most often molds are confined
to areas near the water source. Removing the source of moisture through repairs or dehumidification is crucial in preventing
mold growth. Correcting underlying water damage and cleaning the affected area is the best way to treat mold. If mold contamination
is extensive, a professional abatement company may be needed.
Excerpts from The New York City Department of
Health & Mental Hygiene, Environmental & Occupational Disease Epidemiology, “Facts About Mold”.
Radon is a radioactive gaseous element
produced in the disintegration of radium, a radioactive metallic element. It cannot be detected by the senses and can be confirmed
only by sophisticated instruments and laboratory tests. The gas enters a house through pores and cracks in the concrete or
through floorboards of poorly ventilated crawlspaces, especially when wet ground allows the gas to escape easily through the
soil and disperse in the atmosphere. Radon is a lung carcinogen: the National Academy of Sciences estimates radon causes some
15,000 to 22,000 lung cancer deaths annually. The U.S. Surgeon General and the EPA recommend all houses be tested for radon.
Houses with high radon levels can be fixed.
Excerpts from U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, “Indoor
INDOOR AIR QUALITY
sources that release gases or particles into the air are the primary cause of indoor air quality problems in homes. Inadequate
ventilation can increase indoor pollutant levels by not bringing in enough outdoor air to dilute emissions from indoor sources
and by not carrying indoor air pollutants out of the home. High temperature and humidity levels can also increase concentrations
of some pollutants. Immediate effects may show up after a single exposure or repeated exposures.
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, “An Introduction to Indoor Air Quality”.
Termites, which play a positive role in recycling wood and plant material,
become a problem when they consume structural lumber. Every year thousands of U.S. housing units require termite treatment.
These pests cause serious damage to wooden structures and posts and can also attack stored food, household furniture, and
books. Successful termite management requires special skills, including a working knowledge of building construction and an
understanding of termite biology and identification. In most cases, it is advisable to hire a professional pest control company
for the inspection and control problem.
Wood-boring beetle larvae feed on wood and wood products.
Adults of some species bore holes into plaster, plastic, and soft metals. Many species cause problems when emerging from wood
in newly constructed buildings because they leave small circular or oval exit holes in the wood. To avoid these problems,
infested wood must be kiln-fried before being used for lumber. The species Deathwatch Beetles is primarily found in soft woods
(girder, beams, foundation timbers, some types of furniture, with some species attacking books). False Powderpost female beetles
bore a tunnel, or egg gallery, into wood or other materials, then deposit eggs in pores or cracks within the tunnel. Adults
of some species bore through such soft metal as lead and silver, as well as plaster and other non-wood materials. Affected
structural wood should be removed and replaced whenever possible.
Wood Wasps and Horntails. Wood
wasp damage in buildings is likely to be more cosmetic than structurally weakening. Emerging wood wasps can chew through any
substance: wallboard or plaster walls, hardwood floors, carpeting, linoleum, non-ceramic floor tiles, and other interior surfaces.
Carpenter Ants. Several species can damage wood in building and other structures. Though ants don’t
eat wood, they bore into it to make their nests, sometimes causing serious structural damage. Also, they nest in hollow doors,
cracks and crevices, furniture, wall voids, and termite galleries. New building infestation occurs when land-cleaning in the
area disturbs existing native colonies.
Excerpts from University of California Agriculture & Natural Resources,
UCIPMOnline, “Statewide Pest Management Program”.